Gilgit Baltistan (Pakistan)

Gilgit Baltistan, (formerly known as the Northern Areas), (Urdu: گلگت بلتستان) is the northern political entity within the Pakistan-administered Kashmir it is part of the former Princely state of Jammu and Kashmir (now held by India), although illegally taken over by Pakistan. It shares borders with Pakistan proper to the west, Afghanistan to the north, China to the northeast, the Pakistani-controlled state of Azad Jammu and Kashmir also part of P.A.K. to the south, and the Indian controlled disputed territory of Jammu and Kashmir to the southeast. Gilgit Baltistan, which became a single administrative unit in 1970, was formed from the amalgamation of the Gilgit Agency, the Baltistan District of the Ladakh Wazarat, and the states of Hunza and Nagar. Gilgit Baltistan remains part of the Kashmir dispute and is claimed by India as part of its state of Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistan regards the entire area of Jammu and Kashmir as "territory in dispute" to be resolved by a plebiscite to be held throughout the former state in order to determine the area's accession to either India or Pakistan. Gilgit Baltistan is governed by a Governor and a Chief minister, the latter elected by a legislative assembly. Gilgit Baltistan covers 72,971 km² (28,174 mi²).

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