Shambhu Prasad Dhungel

From Gorkhapedia, the free Gorkha Encyclopedia that anyone can edit

Category Poet
Allied Category Nepali Literature
Born 1892
Died 1965

Hailing from a well-to-do family, Shambhu Prasad Dhungel (Nepali सम्भु प्रसाद ढुङेल) spent his childhood in ease and comfort and married at the age of twelve. He had the enviable opportunity of learning at home from a host of teachers well-known for their wide experience and sagacity.

An amazing proof of his poetic gift and indubitably a wonderful achievement for a youth of fifteen, was the creation of Panchak Prapancha (Nepali पञ्चक प्रपञ्च) - Five Illusions 1904. Very few poets have reached the depth of his penetrative mind and attained the standard of excellence accomplished by him within a short span of forty years.He was never baffled by the buffets of misfortune and kept on making unremitting efforts to see his work through.

His instantaneous poetical description of a garden in a poem Kailash Bagh (Nepali कैलाश बाघ) earned him the title of Aashu Kavi (Nepali आशु कवि) - an instantaneous poet. Dhungel is a realist whose literary works bear the stamp of his talent from the very outset. Gaph Sindhu (Nepali गफ सिन्धु ) - Fun and Frolic in 550 verses and Dyuta Shataka (Nepali द्युत शतक) - One Hundred verses on gambling depict the various aspects of the society prevailing at that time. His poems which had appeared in Sundari (Nepali सुन्दरी ) - a journal from Varanasi, were mostly devotional songs. Numerous poems of Dhungel have been published in Gorkhali (Nepali गोर्खाली) - a weekly paper from Varanasi and Chandrika (Nepali चन्द्रिका) - a literary journal from Darjeeling and these attracted the attention of many littérateurs.

Then comes the pathetic story of Shambhu Prasad's grim struggle for existence. At Varanasi he associated himself with Punyaprasad Prakashan. It was during this trying time that he produced some of the magnificent works of poetry viz Krishna Charitra (Nepali कृष्ण चरित्र) Life of Krishna 1921, Shambhu Bhajanmala (Nepali सम्भु भजन् माला ) Collection of Devotional Poems 1923, Hitopadesha (Nepali हितोपदेश) Stories with morals 1923, Dhruva Charita (Nepali ध्रुव चरित) Life of Dhruva 1924, Mahabharata (Nepali महाभारत) The Mahabharata with Drona and Karna Chronicles 1924, Besya Barnan (Nepali बेस्या वर्नन) The description of a prostitute, Maitalu chhori ko katha (Nepali मैतलु छोरीको कथा) The story of a married daughter living with her parents 1926, Pinash ko Binash (Nepali पिनाश को बिनाश) Destruction of Sinush 1926. The list by no means is complete.

Sakuntala (Nepali सकुन्तला) 1915, Malati Madhava (Nepali मलती माधव) 1918, Ratnavali (Nepali रत्नवली) 1925, all based on Classical Sanskrit Plays, Vatsaraj in Hindi (Hindi वत्सराज), Vidya Sundar (Nepali विद्या सुन्दर) published in part in Chandrika and Indra Sabha (Nepali ईन्द्र सभा) are some of his well known works in the field of drama.

Varlav (Nepali वर्लव), Prem Kanta in Hindi (Hindi प्रेम कात्ता), Simhasan Battishi (Hindi सिम्हसन बत्तिशी) are some of his very popular novels.

Numerous stories and anecdotes in prose and verse like Sunkeshari Rani ko Katha (Nepali सुन्केशरी रानीको कथा) The story of a Queen who had golden hair, Abola Maiya ko Katha (Nepali अबोल मैयाको कथा) Story of a lady who could not talk, Hatim Tai Ko Katha (Nepali हातिम ताइको कथा) Story of Hatim Tai based on Persian legend, Gulbakaoli (Nepali गुल्बकओली) another story based on Persian legend has won him wide acclaim.

His essays Mahendramalli (Nepali महेन्द्रमल्ली), Samay ko Mulya (Nepali समयको मुल्य) Value of Time, Prabhat
(Nepali प्रभात) Dawn displays a high degree of literary distinction.


  1. Dilliram Timsina and Madhav Bhandari, Hamro Sahitya r Sahityakarharu (हाम्रो साहित्य र् साहित्यकारहरु) 1961
  2. Ghataraj Bhattarai, Aashu Kavi Sambhu ka Kavya haru (आशु कवि सम्भुका काव्यहरु) 1980


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